Connected on 2015-05-08 12:00:00 from Contra Costa County, California, United States
- Bugscope Team pumping down the sample now
- Bugscope Team setting up presets
- Bugscope Team we are ready!
- Bugscope Team Super 2nd Grade Yay!
- Bugscope Team Welcome to Bugscope!
- Teacher What are we looking at?
Bugscope Team this is a trapjaw ant
- Bugscope Team its jaws are closed right now
- Bugscope Team you can choose from any of the presets on the lefthand screen, if you would like
- Bugscope Team they eat other insects and sweet things
- Teacher Do you know what it eats?
Bugscope Team They are said to be carnivorous. I believe they mostly eat other insects. Some species specialize in eating springtails.
- Bugscope Team this is close up on part of the moth's wing
- Bugscope Team we're looking at the scales, which are the tiny flakes that come off of a moth or butterfly's wings when you rub them
- Teacher What are the stripes on it?
Bugscope Team those are ridges that, in part, stabilize the scale -- the same way the ridges in Ruffles potato chips make the potato chips stronger
- Bugscope Team the powder when you touch their wings are these scales
- Bugscope Team the ridges also, however, refract light of different colors
- Teacher How many scales can be on one moth wing?
Bugscope Team Thousands. I am not sure.
- Bugscope Team they can lose some in order to get out of a spider web
Bugscope Team yes because the scales come off easily, when the moth flies into a spiderweb it can leave its scales and get away, sometimes
- Teacher Cool!!
- Bugscope Team this is an odd beetle Cate found that also has scales
- Teacher where are its eyes?
- Teacher Is this the head?
Bugscope Team yes it is! it is kind of hard to see, isn't it? the things that look like submarine sandwiches are its antennae
- Bugscope Team if it has any, it might be hidden by its antennae
- Teacher this looks like a strawberry
Bugscope Team yes it does
- Bugscope Team yeah we do not see the eyes either. they could be on the back of the head where we cannot see right now
- Teacher The beetle might not have eyes? How does it know where it's going??
Bugscope Team if it spends a lot of time underground, it might just rely on sense of touch and chemical senses (like smell/taste)
Bugscope Team the setae, or hairs, can be used for either
- Bugscope Team the fruitfly has little setae that stick up between some of the facets of the compound eye
- Bugscope Team we can see one now
- Bugscope Team the setae are said to be capable of sensing wind
- Bugscope Team so they are mechanosensory; when they bend a little, that bending goes to the fruitfly's brain and lets it know
- Teacher why do they need to know when it is windy?
Bugscope Team they can be more efficient flyers
Bugscope Team many flying insects will have some type of setae on their eyes
- Teacher What are the eyes made of? Are they furry?
Bugscope Team they are made of chitin, like the rest of the exoskeleton; it is kind of like what our fingernails are made of
Bugscope Team or like a shrimp shell
- Teacher do they gunk in their eyes?
Bugscope Team yes they do, sometimes; they can wipe it off
- Bugscope Team we think that in life the little ridges would not be there, on the ommatidia (the eye facets), but the eyes are dry and a bit shriveled
- Teacher Sorry for all the switching!
- Bugscope Team fruitfly!
- Bugscope Team on the back of the fruitfly's head we see those little dome-like things. they are ocelli, which are the simple eyes
- Bugscope Team we can tell they are male mosquitos because their antennae are so frilly
- Bugscope Team females, the one that bite, are much more plain
- Teacher What are all the hairy looking things?
Bugscope Team the little hair-like things are part of the antennae
Bugscope Team they help transmit the sound of the female mosquitoes' wings to the male
- Teacher These look like leaves on a tree!
- Bugscope Team or ruffles potato chips
- Bugscope Team we can see the mosquitoes are like moths, butterflies, and silverfish because they have all of those tiny little scales
- Teacher what are we looking at?
Bugscope Team those are the scales on the mosquito
- Bugscope Team mosquitoes, like those other flying insects and silverfish, are protected from spiders, somewhat, by having scales
- Bugscope Team the wings are kind of frilly too!
- Teacher What are the round parts that the antennae are connected to?
- Bugscope Team the round things are called pedicels. they are the bases of the antennae
- Bugscope Team the tiny round things are the eye facets
- Bugscope Team this is a rolypoly, or pillbug
- Bugscope Team it has seven pairs of legs
- Teacher How many eyes to pillbugs have?
Bugscope Team they have two compound eyes, but each eye only has ten or so facets
- Teacher But we thought insects have 6 legs...
Bugscope Team pillbugs, rolypoly's are crustaceans. like crabs
Bugscope Team they are like land crabs; they even have gills, but we are not sure what they look like. the gills are supposed to be visible near the legs that are closest to the tail
- Bugscope Team pillbugs are also called isopods. iso- means 'the same,' and -pod means 'foot.'
- Teacher Can they see backwards with their compound eyes?
Bugscope Team they can see things that are above them and in front of them, but we are looking at them from the underside, and they cannot likely see beneath them very well
- Teacher Is that long thing the tongue?
Bugscope Team yes that is the proboscis. it can fill it with blood to unfirl it like one of those new years noise makers
Bugscope Team unfurl
- Bugscope Team they keep their tongues coiled up like that when they are not using them
- Bugscope Team the eye is dirty, sorry
- Teacher He needs to take a bath! Can it clean its eyes?
Bugscope Team this probably happened after he died. we can see mold growing on his eyes
Bugscope Team otherwise they can wipe their eyes of with their legs
Bugscope Team 'off'
- Bugscope Team claw!
- Teacher Is this what they use to "sting"?
Bugscope Team these are like little hands
Bugscope Team the claws can pinch but not sting
- Teacher Why is it so hairy?
Bugscope Team a lot of the hairs are used for sense of touch- to let it know when it is touching something, or feedback that it is grabbing something
- Bugscope Team they dont have sensitive skin like we do
- Teacher Do they pinch people? Does it hurt?
Bugscope Team i like they are small enough that if they grabbed you with it, it wouldn't hurt
- Bugscope Team the little furry pad in the middle is covered with tiny setae that are sticky, so the wasp can climb on vertical surfaces
Bugscope Team the pad is called a pulvillus
- Bugscope Team beetle face
- Bugscope Team see the facets of of its compound eyes?
- Bugscope Team to the left and right...
- Teacher How old is this beetle?
Bugscope Team probably a few months
- Teacher What is that hole???
Bugscope Team it was part of an entomologist's collection. there wsa a pin going through it
- Bugscope Team it has three pairs of legs
- Teacher What is the beetle's diet?
Bugscope Team it depends on the beetle, but many of them are opportunistic and will eat whatever they can that is edible
- Bugscope Team when we look at some beetles' limbs, like this, we see that this one, for example, may not be able to climb very well
- Teacher This looks like the wasp claw. Can the beetle climb up a wall like the wasp?
Bugscope Team see that it does not have that pad between its claws? if it does not have pads further up its arm, it may not be a climber
Bugscope Team very good question!
Bugscope Team sometimes the pad is covered with tiny setae, and called a pulvillus; sometimes it is kind of bulbous and may be inflated to swell into a gap so the insect can hold onto a surface that way
- Teacher Is a scorpion an insect?
Bugscope Team no they are arachnids- related to spiders
- Bugscope Team this is not a real scorpion, but it is also an arachnid
- Teacher Is this the mouth?
Bugscope Team yes it is!
- Bugscope Team we can see its mandibles, to the outside, to the left
- Bugscope Team they could also grab on with their big pincher claws
- Teacher What are the things that look like combs?
Bugscope Team we think that they help filter their food
- Teacher Are all the bugs dead?
Bugscope Team yes; if they were alive it would be cruel to coat them with gold-palladium and put them into a vacuum chamber like this.
- Bugscope Team these pseudoscorpions like to eat mites
Bugscope Team like tiny snacks
- Teacher We are going to try to see the tail part.
- Teacher We thought maybe the tail fell off!
- Teacher is the tail poisonous?
Bugscope Team if it was a scorpion it would have venom in its stinger, at the tip of its tail
- Bugscope Team here is something the pseudoscorpion likes to eat
- Bugscope Team this is a mite that feeds on plants
- Teacher like an aphid?
Bugscope Team smaller than an aphid, but they live in the same place, sometimes
- Bugscope Team good job driving!
- Teacher We know we only have 4 minutes left....whats the most important thing we need to know about this mite?
Bugscope Team they can be found on the undersides of leaves, and often there is not a lot of information available about mites, but we are happy to be able to see them
- Teacher Thank you so much for all the information!!
- Bugscope Team thanks for the great questiond
- Bugscope Team questions
- Bugscope Team Thank you for connecting with us today!
- Teacher Have a nice day! :)
- Bugscope Team you as well