Connected on 2014-12-09 13:30:00 from Kings County, New York, United States
- Bugscope Team today's sample is in the 'scope, and the 'scope is pumping down
- Bugscope Team we are ready
- Bugscope Team Yay! Welcome Back, Debby!
- Bugscope Team this is Scott, in my office...
- Bugscope Team Hi Debby
- Teacher I am so happy to be joining again
- Teacher The students will be joining in 8 minutes
- Bugscope Team awesome!
- Student what am i looking at here?
- Bugscope Team you can see that it is lying on its back, on its dorsal side, in a pool of silver paint
- Student When was this beetle discovered
Bugscope Team not sure -- someone sent it to us
- Student what are we looking out
Bugscope Team the background with the little craters is doublestick carbon tape
- Bugscope Team you can see the beetle's antennae, and its palps and mandibles are also easy to see
- Teacher why is it silver
Bugscope Team we are using electrons to image these specimens
Bugscope Team we also coated them with a thin layer of metal to make them conductive, so they would look silvery anyway
- Student hey josh
- Guest why are did you dip it in silver paint?
Bugscope Team we out silver paint on the stub to hold it down
Bugscope Team 'put'
- Bugscope Team the bubbly background is carbon tape and the lighter bit around the insect is silver paint i used to help glue down the insects
- Student How old is this bug
Bugscope Team a few months
- Student Based on the microscopic image, what information did you gain about this species?
Bugscope Team we use these samples for Bugscope, so the information we get is the same you get, although of course we may know a little more about some of the samples
- Bugscope Team here we can see its super sharp mandibles and one set of pointy palps
- Guest *function
- Guest what are those antenna's used for (funtion)?
Bugscope Team Antennae are insect's primary chemosensory organs. They are used mainly to smell, but can also be used as a tactile (touch) and tasting organ
- Student what are the things sticking out of its mouth
Bugscope Team this fly has a lot of hairs, or setae as we call them on insects, around its face
- Bugscope Team this is a female fly
- Student thank you cate
- Guest what are those bubbles in the background of the image?
Bugscope Team those are features on the carbon tape that the insects are laying on
- Guest thank you Cate
- Student Is this specie venomous and was this organism recently found?
Bugscope Team not venomous, and it is not a rare insect
- Guest why is there so many layers on it?
- Student Do you think the paint or tape could have deformed the bug over these few months, if so maybe it can be a species that is currently known but deformed
Bugscope Team it was mounted last week
Bugscope Team certainly it is not an uncommon species, but Cate and I are microscopists, not entomologists, and we have to rely on entomologists for the tricky stuff
Bugscope Team If I am correct, and it is a staphylinid, then it would be exceptionally difficult to identify to species for anyone who is not an expert in that group. Staphylinidae is currently the most specious group of beetles known, with close to 60,000 recognized species
- Bugscope Team moths, butterflies, skippers, silverfish, and mosquitoes, along with few other insects, have scales like this]
- Teacher what is the small little leave like items sticking out of its head
Bugscope Team those are scales, which serve to protect the insect, in this case the moth, from getting caught in spiderwebs
- Student why is the moth's skin so feathery
Bugscope Team It uses the scales to escape from spider webs. The scales stick to the web and break off, allowing the moth to escape by dropping out of the web and flying away. the more scales it has the less likely it will stick to the web
- Student what am i looking at right now?
- Guest how well can the moth see with those eyes?
Bugscope Team we are not sure about specific moths, but it should be able to see fairly well, and likely it can see UV wavelengths of light, which humans cannot
- Student Where did you find the special bee organism?
Bugscope Team people send all kinds of insects to us
- Student what is a leafhopper
Bugscope Team it is a plant pest that has piercing/sucking mouthparts that allow it to suck the fluids out of leaves
- Teacher why is the head triangular
Bugscope Team it helps disguise the leafhopper, making it look more like its surroundings, which are often leaves
- Teacher what sre brocosomes
- Student where does this leafhopper live in the world?
- Guest what brochosomes
- Student How does a insects eyes help them in survival?
Bugscope Team they allow them to see flowers and other things they might eat, and they allow insects to see around them without turning their heads, and they also update quickly so they can see very quick movements
- Guest why are the eyes sticking out
Bugscope Team they stick out a bit so they are more useful as eyes
- Student What are brochosomes?
Bugscope Team brochosomes are nanoparticles, produced solely by leafhoppers, that are said to help keep their eggs from drying out
- Guest why are they bumpy
- Student Do you know what this organism eats to keep them alive? What helps them keep homeostasis?
Bugscope Team this organism is a mosquito, and it drinks blood. the protein from the blood allows it to lay its eggs successfully
- Teacher how are these related to the mosquito
Bugscope Team they are its eyes...
- Student what does
- Guest why are they circular
Bugscope Team circular is a good shape for eyes. when they are close-packed, hexagonal is a better shape
- Student what does the be
- Teacher yes
- Teacher how sre these relevant to the beetle?
Bugscope Team the claws?
Bugscope Team claws are used by insects in much the same way we use our hands; they can grasp things with them
- Student what does the beetle claw do?
Bugscope Team they use the claws like we use our hands, for the most part. they grab things with it like food, or to hold onto things
- Student How does the beetle claw help their way of living?
Bugscope Team it means the beetle can hold onto wherever it is hanging out
- Student why do beetles need claws to survive
Bugscope Team it's kind of like how we use our hands, and it seems to make it easier for us to survive
- Student why is the myst
- Student what is the most dangerous bug in the world
Bugscope Team probably, in general, the mosquito
- Student What part of the organism is this?
Bugscope Team this is the head of a beetle we did not recognize
- Guest why is it mystery
Bugscope Team we don't know what kind of beetle it is
- Student what is the most energetic bug in the world
Bugscope Team that is hard to say
- Teacher is this beetle a rare type of organism?
Bugscope Team probably not
- Student what is the gnarly beetle?
- Student how is the mosquito the most dangerous insect in the world?
Bugscope Team mosquitoes are vectors for a variety of diseases such as yellow fever and malaria
Bugscope Team So mosquitoes themselves are actually harmless, but the parasites they spread claim millions of lives each year
- Bugscope Team this is some kind of beetle we did not recognize
Bugscope Team Scot, Is it some kind of Staphylinid? if it is, it would have very tiny elytra. You cant see that from its current position though.
Bugscope Team maybe so!
- Student What are insects attracted to that leads them to humans houses
Bugscope Team heat, CO2, sometimes certain scents that they might think come from other insects
Bugscope Team Most of the insects that occupy houses in huge swarms (i.e. stink bugs, ladybugs, etc) are invasive species that overwinter as adults. they seek out human dwellings because they are warm and the insects are less likely to freeze to death over the winter if they stay inside with us
- Teacher what family is this beetle from?
Bugscope Team it may be a Staphylinid, according to Josh
Bugscope Team Its hard to tell when the beetle is under the SEM. I would be able to tell you if I had the beetle in hand.
- Guest why is it gnarly
Bugscope Team it means scott thinks it is cool
- Student zzzzzzz
- Teacher but where does it catch malaria
Bugscope Team from other victims
- Teacher where did malaria originate
- Student how do we not feel a mosquito bite us
Bugscope Team sometimes we do, and we are often allergic, in some way, to its saliva
- Student whats a staphylimid
Bugscope Team it's a rove beetle
Bugscope Team they remind me of earwigs (pincer bugs) in how they look but are different.
- Student What other moquitos are in the Staphylinid family?
Bugscope Team There are no mosquitoes in the staphylinid family. Staphylinidae are rove beetles (google them some time, theyre pretty cool), while all mosquitoes are members of the family Culicidae, a type of true fly.
- Student why are mosquitos attracted to human blood?
Bugscope Team they can use to as protein that allows them to have the energy to lay their eggs and perhaps also ensure that those eggs will survive
- Student why is there hooks on the stylet?
Bugscope Team those are little barbs that help the stylet cut into your skin
- Student why are some insects eggs different shapes?
Bugscope Team Some eggs are designed to blend in with their surroundings so they dont get eaten, others have evolved to fit in with the insects lifestyle... for example, mosquito eggs float on water, forming rafts, which is helpful because mosquito larvae are aquatic
- Bugscope Team this is a ladybug adult
- Bugscope Team see its eyes, on either side of its head?
- Teacher what type of insect eggs are these?
Bugscope Team we have no idea...
Bugscope Team they could be mite eggs; we are not sure
- Bugscope Team ladybugs are great at eating aphids.
- Student Take an educated guess on what insect eggs these are
Bugscope Team parasitoid wasps
Bugscope Team You should always guess beetle eggs Scot, there's a one in five chance youll be right
Bugscope Team plus if they were parasitoids they would not have any food when they woke up
- Student Where is the moth?
- Bugscope Team could be. insects use hairs to do various things like sense of touch, or taste, or tell the temperature
- Student does the ladybugs dots tell us anything about the insect?
- Student where is the mou fv
- Bugscope Team the moth is to the south and west of the ladybug
- Teacher what is inside a ladybug's mouth instead of teeth?
Bugscope Team they have jaws/mandibles that open out like a gate
Bugscope Team Insects primarily use their mandibles to chew; they act like sideways jaws, and even have "teeth". Insects also have a labrum and labium, which act kind of like lips and cover the insects other mouth parts when they are not in use, as well as maxilla, which are also used in chewing, and two pairs of palps, which the insect uses to taste and manipulate their food (sort of like we do with our tongues)
- Bugscope Team ladybugs smell/taste bad.
- Guest where are the arms and legs
- Guest hufhf
- Teacher goodbye everyone thank you!!!
- Student cvtrf
- Student what gives the ladybug its color
Bugscope Team I think the colors come from pigments in the elytra (the hard shell that covers the wings)
- Teacher Thank you, I just took over the computer, my students had control of this computer unitl now.
- Student what are the hairs on this orga\
Bugscope Team most hairs you see on insects are used for sense of touch. they cant feel anything through their exoskeleton, which is like wearing a suit of armor
- Student Thank you!!
- Student what is a ladybugs life span
Bugscope Team some of them seem to be able to overwinter, so they could perhaps live almost a year
- Bugscope Team Thank You, Everyone!
- Student Goodbye!
- Student bye
- Bugscope Team Good Bye!
- Student thankyou for all the answers
- Bugscope Team we enjoyed connecting with you today!
- Bugscope Team see you nextm year!
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- Bugscope Team alright we're going to close down...
- Teacher Great!
- Bugscope Team Bye!